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Gangs are a violent reality that people have to deal with in todays cities What has made these groups come about Why do kids feel that being in a gang is both an acceptable and prestigious way to live The long-range answer to these questions can only be speculated upon but in the short term the answers are much easier to find On the surface gangs are a direct result of human beings personal wants and peer pressure To determine how to effectively end gang violence we must find the way that these morals are given to the individual Unfortunately these can only be hypothesized However by looking at the way humans are influenced in society I believe there is good evidence to point the blame at several institutions These include the forces of the media theater drugs the government and our economic systemBy looking at the forces of the media theater drugs and the capitalist economic system we can apply Akers social learning theory and the Marxist theory as the cause of Gangs Akers social learning theory addresses the forces of the media theater and drugs Akers social learning theory states that criminal and delinquent behavior are acquired repeated and changed by the same process as conforming behavior It also addresses four major concepts of differential association definitions differential reinforcement and imitation It goes on to say that this process will more likely produce behavior that violates social and legal norms than conforming behavior when persons differentially associate with those who expose them to deviant patterns when the deviant pattern is differently reinforced over conforming models Marxists theory has capitalism the as the cause of crime Marxist theory states that ownership of the means of production by the capitalist ruling class produces a society that is inherently criminogenic The theory believes that the crimes committed are either crimes of accommodation or crimes of resistance to the capitalist systemOn the surface peer pressure and greed
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