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There are two inter-related spheres which this paper will explore The first one asks what the relative appeal of Neo-conservatism was in Britain and Germany The second determines the extent to which Neo-conservative policies were successfully implemented in the two respective countries The perspectives chosen here try to explain Neo-conservatism with theories of social and cultural change to provide examples of its effects The New Right is conceptualized as populist Neo-conservative reactions to fundamental change in culture and values in a society Neo-conservatism reflects a new cleavage based on value change Neo-conservatism still fell within the confines of traditional conservative ideologies for example opposition to the welfare state and the redistribution of income In this paper the comparison between Britain a country with long-standing democratic traditions and a civil society and Germany which has had strong non-democratic traditions a fascist past and the recent establishment of a civil society will help to determine to what extent they has been socialized Neo-conservative governments came to power in Britain prior to 1979 and in West Germany to 1982 Prior to their victory there was great discontent with certain aspects of the existing social democratic politics over issues of state-influenced and state intervening economic policy Polls taken in Britain prior to the 1979 election likewise showed a massive 75 of respondents in favour of a reduction in state spending Similarly the fall of the West German Social Democratic Party SPD in the 1982 coincided with a dramatic collapse of public confidence in the Schmidt administrations handling of the economy Only 17 of voters considered the SPD the party that guaranteed job security The lack of faith in government to solve such economic crises reflected a more general loss of faith in the political system This lack of faith was also evident through the widespread decline in support for the major parties in Germany and Britain Further a deep skepticism was expressed over the capacity
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