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How successful was JS Mill in overcoming the problems associated with Benthams Utilitarianism The greatest good for the greatest number is a simple way to sum up a fairly simple idea But despite its simplicity it still has lots of problems in this essay I will be looking at how John Stuart Mill tries to overcome these problems In 1789 utilitarianism was born the brainchild of Jeremy Bentham Bentham was a hedonist or someone who is constantly in pursuit of pleasure or happiness It is around this idea of hedonism that Bentham founded a way of making moral and ethical decisions he called it utilitarianism Utilitarianism is a teleological theory that worked on that basis that you should do the greatest good for the greatest number in simpler terms means that if ever confronted with a moral dilemma you should always do what will cause the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people as a consequence of your choice So you think through the consequences of your action and work out how much pleasure it will cause then subtract the amount of pain it would cause So for Bentham a good person would be one that maximised happiness and minimised pain caused To help establish how good one action was in comparison to another he created a tool called a hedonic calculus The Hedonic Calculus was based around seven principles of pleasure 1Intensity - The strength of the happiness created 2Duration - How long the happiness lasts 3Certainty or Uncertainty - How sureunsure you are that the happiness will occur 4Propinquity or Remoteness - How closefar away the happiness is in time with closer being better 5Fecundity - How likely the act is to cause more feelings of the same kind pleasurepain 6Purity - The chances of the act being followed by feelings of the opposite kind 7Extent - The amount of people that will be affected I will now put the hedonic
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