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Word Count: 607
Out in the middle of an unknown body of water traveling distances only judged with elementary equipment seeing life forms before anyone else on the earth Covered in a constant layer of salt your last meal consisted of stale water sauerkraut and some salted packed meat The trip lasts for years and it wont be your last These trips were performed by many sailors but none as important to Oceanography as James Cook The reason for his travels was to establish British holdings in the southern seas But while sailing he came across some of the most important findings of the eighteenth century He set out first on the English ship the Endeavour in 1768 and traveled to Tahiti and observed the path of Venus across the sun He did this to verify the calculations made earlier by Edmund Halley about planetary orbits Next he sailed south and discovered and charted New Zealand He then sailed North to Sydney and the Endeavour suffered damage from crashing into the barrier reef He then mapped the Great Barrier Reef during a two-month stay while repairing the ships hull He named this land New South Whales and claimed it in the name of England When departing from Australia he sailed westward and proved that there was a new sea route in between New Guinea and Australia Due to Cook being insistent on cleanliness and ventilation as well a diet consisting of Vitamin C the majority of his crew survived When Cook returned from his first voyage he still had one question left and that was whether or not there was another continent in the south seas or if it was just a huge mass of water He manned a new ship the Resolution in 1772 for this next voyage as well as a secondary ship the Adventure His goals of this trip were to discover the supposed seventh continent as well as a southern passage
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