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Originating from the German word Realpolitik realism is often used as a term which fits a more realistic and unpretentious political theory as opposed to an unrealistic ideological theory It is this theory which has been one of the leading and most prominent ways of thinking in terms of international relations in modern times with its stark view of nation states and people appealing greatly to the Western leading political institutions as recently it has become another phrase for power politics Instead of referring to itself as an ideology realists see it as more of a straight forward rational theory a way of thinking reasonably in the situation rather than seeing the world as a far fetched and ideological utopia Political realism is seen as a way of explaining political philosophy models and to prescribe political relations It makes many assumptions the key one being that power is indeed or ought to be the first point in political action be it in an international or domestic sphere Domestically this theory declares that the politicians must look to take full advantage of their power However when in the international arena the nation states should be the primary agents that advance and seek to make the most of the power available to them It can be seen therefore that nations and politicians ought to pursue power or their own interests in theory but in reality the ruling nation state of affairs-that nations and politicians only selfishly pursue power In the late 20th century realism was seen as a way of managing all of the worlds powerful nations peacefully and co-operating for the advantage of those concerned The international interaction was based less on political principles and more upon the balance of power between the worlds leading nations as introduced to Western politics by Henry Kissinger to the Nixon Government We must remember the only time in the history of the world that we have had
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