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Word Count: 519
Victory in the French and Indian War was costly for the British At the wars conclusion in 1763 King George III and his government looked to taxing the American colonies as a way of recouping their war costs They were also looking for ways to reestablish control over the colonial governments that had become increasingly independent while the Crown was distracted by the war Royal ineptitude compounded the problem A series of actions including the Stamp Act 1765 the Townsend Acts 1767 and the Boston Massacre 1770 agitated the colonists straining relations with the mother country But it was the Crowns attempt to tax tea that spurred the colonists to action and laid the groundwork for the American Revolution The colonies refused to pay the levies required by the Townsend Acts claiming they had no obligation to pay taxes imposed by a Parliament in which they had no representation In response Parliament retracted the taxes with the exception of a duty on tea - a demonstration of Parliaments ability and right to tax the colonies In May of 1773 Parliament concocted a clever plan They gave the struggling East India Company a monopoly on the importation of tea to America Additionally Parliament reduced the duty the colonies would have to pay for the imported tea The Americans would now get their tea at a cheaper price than ever before However if the colonies paid the duty tax on the imported tea they would be acknowledging Parliaments right to tax them Tea was a staple of colonial life - it was assumed that the colonists would rather pay the tax than deny themselves the pleasure of a cup of tea The colonists were not fooled by Parliaments ploy When the East India Company sent shipments of tea to Philadelphia and New York the ships were not allowed to land In Charleston the tea was consigned to warehouses and allowed to rot Only Boston permitted three tea-laden
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