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The democratic deficit is dual in nature Demos means people in Greek Democracy was the name of a constitution in which the poor people exercised power in their own interest as against the interest of the rich and aristocratic It is commonly accepted that democracy as it is defined by the Western world is the most appropriate way of organising a society Democracy as an ideal in the twentieth century has been taken for granted by European people How can these citizens of Europe exercise their political rights in the ever closer Union Democratic deficit is a new problem that the European Union has to face The Belgian Prime Minister Leo Tindemans in his report to the European council first used this expression in 1974 The problem is becoming even more accurate in the 1990s As the steps of integration lead the member states to more and more commitment in the region the peoples of Europe have a growing fear that this United Europe will undermine their national sovereignty The democratic deficit of the European Union should be understood as a dual phenomenon horizontally at the European level and vertically at the domestic level First it can be understood horizontally where there are institutional problems at the European level The lack of democracy at the European level results with deficits taking place at various institutional levels The European Parliament is too weak the Commission is not elected and finally the Council of Ministers and European Council are not properly controlled and accountable When thinking of democratic deficit at the European level one certainly comes across the weaknesses of the EP although it is the only institution that enjoys legitimacy as it is the only directly elected body within the EU Although it has been elected directly since 1976 its power is the weakest of all EU institutions Unlike a traditional parliament in a representative system the EP has not the right to
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