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Hominid evolution and the eventual rise of modern humans is thought to be a rather vague science by many unfamiliar with the field The public at large that is those that have never taken a physical anthropology class would not be able to recognize the hominids Australopithecus bahr el grazel or even Australopithecus habilus It is however likely that they would be able to recall the well-publicized Lucy or Australopithecus afarensis to the paleoanthropologically savvy For the everyday Joe human evolution begins with A afarensis passes through Homo neanderthalensis and ends with us which is quite clearly incorrect Indeed A afarensis had been prior to 1994 the sole root of our family tree as a species Culotta 1995 918 However this all changed when in 1994 and then 1995 remains of hominid species older than A afarensis were found 1995 918 Ardipithecus ramidus discovered in 1994 by Tim White and crew and then Austrolapithecus anamensis in 1995 by Meave Leake and crew are the earliest pieces to the puzzle of hominid evolution Smithsonian Institution 2000 The problem then is figuring out how these pieces fit in with the rest of the puzzle A anamensiss features closely resemble those of the apes however a number of derived traits suggest relation to later australopithecines Boyd Silk 2000 340 Thus A anamensis may or may not be the ancestor of A afarensis but certainly shares some common ancestor with it Leake et al 1995 568 A quick look at the phylogenetic tree shows us that if we are to accept the connection between A anamensis and A afarensis and then from A afarensis to all other later hominids all hominids have commonality with A anamensis Smithsonian Institution 2000 Alan Walker who was a member of the party responsible for the tremendous discovery remarks that the phylogenetic tree may be better described as a bush This comes as a response to the findings near the beginning of hominid
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