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The field of ethics also called moral philosophy involves systematizing defending and recommending concepts of right and wrong behavior Philosophers today usually divide ethical theories into three general subject areas metaethics normative ethics and applied ethics Metaethics investigates where our ethical principles come from and what they mean Metaethical answers to questions are focused on the issues of universal truths the will of God the role of reason in ethical judgments and the meaning of ethical terms themselves Normative ethics involves a more practical task which is to arrive at moral standards that regulate right and wrong conduct Ideally moral questions could be immediately answered by consulting the moral guidelines provided by normative theories Finally applied ethics involves examining specific controversial issues such as abortion infanticide animal rights environmental concerns homosexuality capital punishment or nuclear war By using the conceptual tools of metaethics and normative ethics discussions in applied ethics try to resolve these controversial issuesA duty is a moral obligation that an agent has towards another person such as the duty not to lie Etymologically duties are actions that are due to someone else such as paying money that one owes to a creditor In a broader sense duties are simply actions that are morally mandatory Medieval philosophers such as Aquinas argued that we have specific duties or obligations to avoid committing specific sins Since sins such as theft are absolute then our duty to avoid stealing is also absolute irrespective of any good consequences that might arise from particular acts of theft It is same for the leaders who represents others of either a big group or a small one For example if you are a member of student government you should truly represent your members I am not trying to make fun of the former American president Bill Clinton but his behavior violated the ethics of representation The news of him and Ms Lewinsky really made him a laughing stock but the
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