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Throughout history many people have debated on the topic of creating the ultimate Utopia Socrates is perhaps one of the most detailed in describing how his perfect city would function The question one must ask though is would these ideas and goals for a perfect city apply to modern day society or would the conclusions drawn from them show that his ideas are strictly a sign of the time and would not be able to occur Throughout Platos Republic Socrates is identifying how he envisions the perfect city a Utopia He believes that in order to have this type of city the people within must inherintly have four major virtues wisdom courage moderation and justice If this is accomplished then the city itself will also retain these virtues In establishing our city we arent aiming to make any one group outstandingly happy but to make the whole city so as far as possible Plato 420b Socrates is saying that the people of the city can be assests to the city as a whole By follwing thsese virtues the citizens will contribute to the happiness of the lot According to Socrates the first virtue wisdom comes from the idea that the smallest body of the city Gaurdians possess a portion of knowledge that the rest of the city does not have the ability to have good judgement The second fundamental virtue of a perfect city is courage In a perfect city courage is easily defined as the part that does battle on the citys behalf soldiers Moderation is seen as the individuals responsibility and they are to have self control in everthing that they do so as not to indulge in pleasure or wrong-doing The final essential virtue justice is the most important it seems to Socrates He feels that there is justice of a single man and also the justice of a whole cityand a city is larger than a single manthere is more justice
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