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Is Sociology a Science To decide whether or not sociology is a science we must first understand the terminology of the word science Science literally means knowledge Systematically observing and analazing a theory made The information gathered must then be validated over a period of time and the final data then correlated This whole process giving facts that people feel to be reliable These methods are applied to the natural sciences such as biology and chemistry Chemists for example carry out controlled tests often in a laboratory environment Measurements of chemicals are mixed and degrees of heat are often applied to give a reaction Once it has been shown that the same reaction occurs in the same condition each time a theory is made to explain the results These same principles of natural science have been sometimes successfully applied to society Auguste Comte 1798-1857 was the founding father in applying these methods his assumption being that it was possible to produce a positive science of society Positive science being those humans and their reaction to external stimuli are an explanation to their behaviour This behaviour can then be observed and measured The same logic as in the for mentioned chemistry exp In 1897 Emile Durkheim 1858-1917 used this approach in his study of suicide His study involved the gathering of statistics on suicide from a number of European countries with which he was then able to produce the statistical table below Period Numerical position in the 1866-70 1871-75 1874-78 1period 2period 3Period - Italy 30 35
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