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West Nile Encephalitus The West Nile virus usually found in the regions of Africa western Asia and the Middle East causes KunjinWest Nile Encephalitus Encephalitus is an inflammation of the brain and central nervous system caused by viral and bacterial infections The most common vectors for this disease are ticks and mosquitoes especially the species Culex pipiens because of its hibernation capabilities The arboviral virus is transmitted in a basic cycle where a bird infected with the virus is bitten by a mosquito The mosquito carries the infected blood and bites and transmits the virus to another vertebrate including humans Once the virus is in the vertebrates system it only takes between five and fifteen days for it to incubate After the West Nile virus infects its victim the symptoms vary according to the severity of the infection A mild case of West Nile Encephalitus results in a fever headaches body aches skin rash and swollen lymph glands A severe infection causes symptoms similar to a mild infection but they are far more serious These symptoms include a high fever neck stiffness stupor and disorientation Other symptoms are coma tremors convulsions paralysis and rarely death Extreme weakness and weariness are common attributes of those infected with the West Nile virus The mortality rate for West Nile Encephalitus is between three and fifteen percent depending on age At the present the United States does not have a vaccine for West Nile Encephalitus However there are several precautions that doctors and other officials recommend to reduce the risk of infection Staying indoors at dusk dawn and early evenings prevents exposure to potential West Nile virus vectors like mosquitoes during their most active periods One should wear long-sleeved shirts and pants to protect the skin from bites if he or she should need to go outside during the mentioned time periods Furthermore an effective repellent containing between 20 and 30 DEET should be used to ward off
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