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AllograftA tissue graft between donor and recipient of the same species but where they could react antigenicallyAntibodyA protein that is produced in the body in response to invasion by a foreign agent and that reacts specifically with itAntigenA substance not normally present in the body which when introduced into it stimulates production of an antibody that reacts specifically to it AnticoagulantA substance which inhibits the blood clotting mechanismAortaThe great artery that carries oxygenated blood from the left ventricle and distributes it to the rest of the body via the circulation systemAortic ValveA three-leaflet semilunar valve located between the left ventricle and the aortaBicuspid Aortic ValveA congenital deformity of the aortic valve in which two of the cusps are fused together along the leaflet commissureBiological GraftA general term that can be used to refer to a nonliving glutaraldehyde pre-served graft or to a living cryopreserved graftCryogenicProducing ultra-low temperaturesCoronary Arteries The blood vessels that provide nourishment to the heart muscle The paired vessels are located behind two of three cusps of the aortic valve EmbolismThe plugging of a blood vessel by a floating massEmbolusA mass of debris floating in the blood streamGlutaradehydeA chemical substance used to fix sterilize and store non-living or biological graftsHemodynamicsThe study of the movements of bloodHeterograftA graft of tissue taken from a donor of one species and grafted into a recipient of another speciesIncompetenceWith heart valves the inability to close completely and prevent back flowInferior Vena CavaThe large vein that collects spent blood from the lower torso and legs and delivers right to the atriumIn VitroIn an artificial environmentLeft AtriumThe upper left chamber of the heart it receives the blood from the lungs via the four pulmonary veins Left VentricleThe lower left chamber of the heart it receives blood from the left atrium and pumps it to the systemic circulation via the aortaLigatureA thread or wire used in surgery to tie off blood vessels to prevent bleeding or to treat abnormalities in other
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