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The Great Sphinx Situated about six miles West of Cairo lies The Great Sphinx at Giza the oldest monumental stone sculpture in the world At its highest point of 21 meters and length of 74 meters not even Mt Rushmore at a mere 18m can compete The mouth with its enigmatic smile caused by erosion and ancient vandalism rather than design is 23 meters across The nose is 17 meters on an immense face at 42 meters in breadth The body is the shape of a lion and wears a headress upon its head It is said that the gigantic monument was a sculpture created for and of King Chepren over 4500 years ago If that is the case it would be the oldest known portrait The Sphinx faces East toward the Nile Valley The placement of the figure is said to be derived from the zodiacal sign of Leo since it was during its summer month that the Nile began to flood It is lined up and has the perfect reflection of the constellation Sphinx comes from the Greek word Sphingein which means to struggle Although it is unknown what the Great Sphinx was originally called by the Egyptians it is referred to circa 1500 BCE as Hor-em-akht - Horous in the Horizon Bw-How Place of Horus and also as Ra-horakhty Ra of Two Horizons In the middle of the paws of the Great Sphinx is where the Dream Stela is placed The story on the Stela is about how Prince Tuthmosis was hunting one day and fell asleep in the paws of the Sphinx when most of the Sphinx was covered in blown sandIn his dream the Sphinx spoke to him promising the throne of Egypt in return for clearing the sand from its body Tuthmosis cleared the sand and so the Sphinx made him King of Egypt It is
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