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Abstract Today tens of millions of people around the world are going to die young because they are infected by HIV the virus that causes AIDS The primary AIDS virus is HIV-1 which can be spread via sexual intercourse or drug use activities which result in body fluid exchange like blood and semen HIV can also be passed from mother to child and can also be acquired during blood transfusions AIDS Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome is a virus that causes a loss of protection against disease causing microorganisms People who are infected by AIDS usually have a decline in the number of T-cells that are responsible for their immune system Because the virus reproduces by a reversed transcriptase enzyme it can quickly make a copy of its virus and so it is difficult to treat with its infinite reproductions However scientists have now came up with a combination of drug called cocktail drugs to slow down the development of the virus in different life cycles Introduction HIV the Human Immunodeficiency Virus is a disease that merits international concern study and research The diseases that infect individuals over the world are causing theme to lose the functionality of their immune system and finally succumb to one or more opportunistic diseases AIDS viruses are unbelievably small particles invisible under an ordinary microscope but observable with an electron microscope All the viruses are tiny packets of genetic material composed of either DNA or RNA and are surrounded by a protective envelope of protein HIV belongs to a group of especially tricky viruses called retrovirus It reverses the usual flow of genetic information within the host cell Retroviral RNA is copied using its reverse transcriptase enzyme into a complementary single strand of DNA This single-strand retroviral DNA is then copied into double-stranded retroviral DNA inside the cells cytoplasm This retroviral DNA migrates into the host cells nucleus and becomes integrated into the host cell DNA
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