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The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles This crucial opening to The Communist Manifesto holds the key to understanding Karl Marxs conception of history Marx outlines history as a two dimensional linear chain of events A constant progression of class divisions being created and overthrown one after the other until the result is the utopian endpoint otherwise known as communism Karl Marx in writing the Communist Manifesto argued that human history unfolds in a teleological manner therefore it unfolds according to a distinct series of historical stages each necessarily following the other These stages ultimately lead to a given Utopian endpoint after which there will be no more change an end to history Marx thought that these stages can be forecasted because there are scientific laws which govern the progress of history He believed to have discovered these laws and with certainty predicted the demise of capitalism and the success of communism According to Marx the course of human history takes a very specific form class struggle The reason for change in the aforementioned historical stages is class animosity He states Hitherto every form of society has been basedon the antagonism of oppressing and oppressed classes So at any point in time history can be defined by the relationships between different classes Using these models Marx explains his account of feudalisms passing in favor of bourgeois capitalism and his forecast of bourgeois capitalisms passing in favor of proletarian rule These changes are not the results of random social economic and political events Each change follows the other in a predictable linear succession Marx presents a logical explanation for this class progressivism approach to history According to Marxs account of history every class is naturally unsound and predestined for ultimate destruction due to its internal discrepancies They will then bring rise to a new class which has settled the discrepancies of its precursor but
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