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Word Count: 1,688
The American judicial system is one of the most sophisticated and complex systems in the world today It was designed to be accessible to anyone regardless of age race gender or religious beliefThe American legal system which provides a peaceful alternative to violence in the pursuit of a more equal and just community has been a substantial factor in maintaining the stability of American society 1 History has provided examples of judicial discrimination based on the accuseds racial heritage or gender Although improvements have occurred within the legal system in regards to fairness and gender and racial heritage of the accused they must continue to examine their practices It is only through constant evaluation of the legal system that fairness can be achieved and maintained In November 1881 Tony Pace a black man and Mary Cox a white woman had been convicted in Alabama of the crime of living together in a state of adultery or fornication The judge had been lenient and sentenced them to the minimum of two years in prison he could have sentenced them to seven years The law did not distinguish between mixed couples who were married and those who were not because such unions were illegal in the state Mr Pace appealed the sentence on the ground that the law violated his Fourteenth Amendments guarantee of equal protection of the laws The Alabama penalty for adultery between members of the same race was only six months Justice Stephen Field delivered the unanimous opinion of the Supreme Court The six months section of the Alabama law stated punishment for persons of different sexes while the two to seven years section established a penalty for persons of different races He stated that whatever discrimination was present was aimed at the punishment in review and not against a person of any particular color or race2 In 1959 a white jurist stated the following about legal marriage Almighty God created the races white
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