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Why Great Britian Lost its ColoniesThe British loss of the American colonies could have easily been prevented British incompetence and a strong American want for self government are among the chief factors which caused the British loss The first successful British colony Jamestown founded in Virginia in 1607 was plagued by problems caused by poor decision making capabilities Before making any key decisions colonists had to communicate with the London Company in England 3000 miles and six weeks away For the colony to survive some kind of government was needed in North America The solution was the House of Burgesses the first representative assembly created in 1619 Other colonies soon followed ie Massachusetts Bay in 1630 and Maryland in 1632 Each colony had its own North America-based government Self-government was rooted in the colonies from the very beginning Since the defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588 Spains power diminished and there were only two countries to reckon with Britain and France Before the French and Indian war the two countries had gone to war several times but the fighting remained on the European continent In the French and Indian war it was just the opposite For the first couple years France appeared to be winning the war Then William Pitt became the British Secretary of State in 1756 He used brilliant military devices such as a global strategy to help the British France was humbled in 1763 and peace was cemented by the Treaty of Paris France was forced to give up its lands in North America This left Britain as the only remaining superpower Britain was a Mercantilist nation and viewed all of its colonial extremities as a means for increasing the nations wealth As early as 1660 Parliament began passing acts that insured that Britain made a profit from the colonies These were the Navigation Acts the exact same act was passed in 1650 by the Commonwealth The required that British colonial
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