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Word Count: 774
The Cold War was a war of words not violence that began in 1946 This was signified by competition tension and conflict between the Soviet Union and the United States In 1946 Sir Winston Churchill gave an address at Westminster College in Fulton Mo about foreign affairs of the time In it he uttered the following quote From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an iron curtain has descended across the Continent of Europe These words in some respects were the beginning of the Cold War The term Cold War was first used by American Bernard Baruch in a congressional debate in 1947 and described the war as increasing tensions between the Soviet Union and the US Churchills words referred to the fact that the Soviet Union from 1945 to 1948 strengthened its hold over the counties Poland Hungary Romania Bulgaria Czechoslovakia and East Germany The Cold War however was marked by several other effects of policies of the US and Soviet Union The main causes were their possession of nuclear atomic weapons the attempt to establish spheres of influence alliances with other Nations such as Nato and the Warsaw Pact which backed several nations in times of conflict the Berlin Blockade as well as the Berlin Wall The Berlin Blockade was a blockade set up by Soviet soldiers This was from June 1948 until May 1949 All communication by rail road and waterway was cut off from the Western sectors of the city An airlift by Great Britain and the United States frustrated the blockade and saved the city The Berlin Wall was a wall created to divide East and West Germany during this time All of those events increased the ever-growing tensions between the US and The Soviet Union with Germany caught in the middle This did not by any means help Germanys already weak and destitute nationThe American response to the perceived Soviet threat of world domination has varied
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