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Word Count: 743
The 1920s were times of cultural revolution The times were changing in many different ways Whenever the times change there is a clash between the old and the new generations The 1920s were no exception In Dayton Tennessee 1925 a high school biology teacher was arrested He was arrested because he taught the theory of evolution The teacher John T Scopes was accused of having violated the Butler Act This was a Tennessee law that forbade the teaching of the theory of evolution in public schools The Tennessee legislature felt that teaching evolution was wrong because it contradicted the creation theory of the Bible The Scopes trial received worldwide publicity The press nicknamed it the Monkey Trial because people believed that the theory of evolution meant that humans were descended from monkeys Clarence Darrow was the defense lawyer Former US secretary of state William Jennings Bryan was the prosecutor The defense argued that the Butler Act was unconstitutional They did not deny that Scopes had broken the law He was convicted and fined 100 Darrow was quoted as saying Scopes isnt on trial civilization is on trial The world was changing and scientific advances made it harder to fully accept the Bibles interpretation of creation The older generation seemed set in their ways It would seem that a science was on trial defending itself against traditional beliefs The Red Scare was the result of wartime tensions There was a growing fear of communism during the 1920s The Red Scare became like a witch-hunt Everyone was suspicious of each other U S Attorney-General Palmer planned a round up of communists January 2 1920 he ordered department raids on meeting halls and homes in thirty cities nationwide to gather all suspected communists Twenty seven hundred people were arrested without being charged with a specific crime In all more than 6000 people were arrested The raids ended after May 5th This was due to a government ruling
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