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Development of Europe The notions of modernity modernization and modernism play an important role in better understanding the development of Europe These three concepts can be applied to a range of transformations in the areas of politics socio-economics and culture respectively The three concepts are connected yet each has its own unique qualities that are useful in understanding the changes across Europe in this period These ideas are crucial to the better comprehension of the creation of the Europe of today To understand the significance of the terms it is important to first understand the terms themselves Modernity was a term used around the French Revolution as a term of abuse However in the later part of the nineteenth century and in the twentieth century it became associated more with improvement and advancement Modernization refers to the processes political economic and social that made a society modern An example of this would be industrialization Finally modernism is a reference to a high cultural movement and was used to relate to changing attitudes It is basically a celebration of the notion of progress Modernity during the French Revolution was used as a term of abuse At this time during the Reign of Terror in particular France was moving toward a more republican form of government During their attempt at the Republic of Virtue Catholicism was a focal point of attack These attacks ended up fueling divisions that in the end proved to be fatal for the republican government What some people saw as the future others disliked and associated it with modernity Hence the concept of modernitys use as an abusive phrase However at the close of the French Revolution modernity took on a new use In the nineteenth century and beyond modernity became a term associated with good things Unlike modernity modernization has always been a fairly neutral term It has always described the processes that actually made the society modern As mentioned before
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