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Galileo was an Italian mathematician astronomer and physicist He was born in Pisa Italy on February 15 1564 In the mid 1570s he and his family moved to Florence and he started his formal education in a local monastery He was sent to the University of Pisa in 1581 While there he studied medicine and the philosophy of Aristotle until 1585 During these years at the university he realized that he never really had any interest in medicine but that he had a talent for math It was in 1585 that he convinced his father to let him leave the university and come home to Florence Back in Florence he spent his time as a tutor and began to doubt the Aristotles philosophy In 1589 he was made professor of mathematics at the University of Pisa where he attended school His position also required him to teach astronomy based on Ptolemys theory that all planets and the sun revolved around the earth In 1592 he left the University of Pisa and went to the University of Padua to become professor of mathematics During his time there he constructed a clumsy thermometer which would have work if he had taken into consideration atmospheric pressure but it still has a significance in history as being one of the first measuring instruments in science He taught he for 18 years and during that time became convinced that there was truth in the theory of Nicolaus Copernicus a Polish astronomer who believed that all planets including earth revolved around the sun While still at Padua in 1609 he built the first astronomical telescope When he used it to look at the sky he easily found that most of Aristotles and Ptolemys theories were wrong His most important discovery was when he discovered the four moons of Jupiter in 1610 Later that year Cosimo de Medici Grand Duke of Tuscany named Galileo his personal mathematician This
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