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Introduction A surprise attack on Pearl Harbor left millions of Americans heartbroken It is one of the most significant moments in American history In just a short amount of time so much devastation occurred If the Americans would have kept better tract of Japanese intelligence the bombing of Pearl Harbor could have been avoided and many lives could have been saved Some people believe this attack occurred because of American intelligence failure and the well-planned secretive attack by the Japanese I have researched many sources to determine what factors led to the attack of Pearl Harbor what actually occurred during the attack how the US intelligence failed how the Japanese intelligence was underestimated and how we were successful in breaking down foreign intelligence The Factors that Led to the Attack on Pearl Harbor Pearl Harbor is located in Oahu Island Hawaii In 1908 it was established as a naval base of the United States Pacific Fleet Various services provided on the naval base include a naval shipyard a supply center and a submarine headquarters The Japanese were in desperate need of many natural resources They decided to take control of the East Indies and Southeast Asia because those areas were very rich in raw materials A Pacific war was obviously unavoidable Therefore the United States began to propose peace negotiations with Japan The United States gave the Japanese an eight step plan The McCollum Memo for a peace settlement This eight step plan stated that Japan would recognize the territory of China French Indochina and the British and Dutch colonies The Japanese would remove forces from China and Indochina The United States and Japan would recognize the Nationalist Government in China and the United States and Japan would negotiate a mutual trade agreement ending the embargo with Japan The McCollum Memo 2001 The Prime Minister of Japan at the time was Tojo Hideki His corresponding messages to the US proposals during late November
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