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War and Violence in Africa In Africa there are many reasons to fight In this paper I hope to explain some of the fighting specifically in the Congo where they are almost always fighting I will explain in more depth these conflicts in the following paragraphs In the Congo war has been raging for years and has cost many men and women their lives The war in the Democratic Republic of the Congo DRC is the widest interstate war in modern African history Congo has become an environment in which numerous foreign players have become involved some within the immediate sub-region and more worrisome in fact some from much further afield That only serves to complicate the situation and to make peaceful resolution of the conflict that much more complex The war centered mainly in eastern Congo has involved nine African nations and directly affected the lives of 50 million Congolese Most of the Democratic Republic of Congo formerly Zaire is ruled by President Laurent Desire Kabila whose Alliance of Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Congo-Zaire ADFL overthrew the authoritarian regime of Mobutu Sese Seko by armed force in 1997 The countrys dilapidated transportation and communications infrastructure impairs central Government control By the end of 1998 the Government had lost control of more than one-third of the countrys territory to a rebel organization the Congolese Rally for Democracy RCD dominated by members of the Tutsi ethnic minority Uganda Rwanda and Burundi were behind the rebel movement that tried to topple Congolese President Laurent Kabila The rebellion started in early August 1998 when Kabila tried to expel from the country Rwandan military forces that had helped him overthrow Mobutu and upon which the Congolese Tutsis and the governments of Burundi Rwanda Uganda and Burundi all relied for protection from hostile non-governmental armed groups operating out of the eastern part of the country These groups included the Interahamwe militia of ethnic Hutus mostly from
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