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Jerusalem was not always considered to be the religious center of the world in fact many times in Jerusalems history it was completely uninhabited Jerusalem was first settled in 3500 BCE on the Ophel above the Gihon Spring The city was deserted at an unknown date until the 19th century BCE When the city appeared in the Egyptian Execration Texts In those texts the city was known as Rusalimum However the city of Jerusalem was truly developed in the heart of The Hyksos Period King David the successor to King Saul reined from 1010-970 BCE In the year of 1003 BCE King David established Jerusalem as the capital of the United Kingdom of Israel During King Davids Reign he ordered the return of the Ark of the Covenant to the city of Jerusalem so it could once again be used in worship and also making Jerusalem the spiritual center of Israel During the end of King Davids years in power his sons argued very bitterly over who would succeed their father Davids son Absalom rebelled against his father turning much of the city against the king This caused David to flee Jerusalem until is army could regain control David died about 965 BC His son Solomon the daughter of David and his mistress Bathsheba became king King Solomon reigned from about 965-931 and it was in his reign that the construction of the first holy temple began Under Solomons reign he secured peace along Israels borders mainly by taking women from nearby states as his wives and mistresses King Solomon died around 931 BCE At that time his son Rehoboam was made king of Israel However many tribes of Israel rebelled against Rehoboam and once again the nation of Israel was divided into the Kingdom of Israel and the Kingdom of Judah less than one year after Rehoboam took the throne Rehoboam remained king of the northern tribes in the Kingdom of Israel The
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