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Throughout history crime has existed in many different forms and has been committed by not only individuals but by groups as well Crime is something that knows no boundries it exists in all cultures is committed by all races and has existed in all time periods Crime exists as a part of the economic institution and is a lifestyle for many people Crime also exists in both organized and un organized forms Since the early 1900s organized crime has existed in the United States The following will show where when and why the mafia came to the United States who organized it in the United States and how it differed from its origins in the European mafia In the ninth century Sicily was occupied by Arab forces The native Sicilians were oppressed and took refuge in the surrounding hills The Sicilians formed a secret society to unite the natives against the Arab and Norman invaders This secret society was called Mafia after the Arabic word for refuge The societys intentions were to create a sense of family based on ancestry and Sicilian heritage In the 1700s pictures of a black hand were distributed to the wealthy This was an unspoken request for an amount of money in return for protection If the money wasnt paid the recipients could expect violence such as kidnappings bombings and murder By the nineteenth century this society grew larger and more criminally oriented In 1876 Mafia Don Rafael Palizzolo ran for political office in Sicily He forced the voters to vote for him under gunpoint After being elected into office he promoted Mafia Don Crispi as Prime Minister Together the two put Sicily under government control and funnelled government funds to the society known as the Mafia In the 1800s New Orleans was the largest Mafia site in the United States It was while investigating the murder of an Italian immigrant that the current Police Chief David Hennessey discovered the
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