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Alcatraz Alcatraz Island has quite a distinct history Many people know that Alcatraz served as a federal prison but most are reluctant to know that this island served as a fort built before the Civil War it served two main purposes First that it was to guard the San Francisco bay area from enemy ships against a foreign invasion and second to hold hostage prisoners of war or POWs as they were called In this report Ill show you how this fortress came to be a federal prison why it is no longer in operation today and most importantly to show why it was built in the first place When the great Gold Rush of 1849 first started California grew from what would be considered a small unpopulated state into what it is now California is now the most populated state and it was mostly the gold rush that brought attention to California As the government saw this happening they realized that California was much more important than they ever realized In their realization they decided that California must be protected San Francisco has one of the largest bays in all of California and so this was where enemy countries would most likely try to invade the country So this is where Alcatraz was to lie to serve as a military fort1 It was supposed to serve as a secondary base in companionship to another base located on the other side of the Golden Gate Bridge The government encountered severe problems trying to build this other base so Alcatraz was to remain alone Out in the middle of the San Francisco Bay the island of Alcatraz is definitely a world unto itself Isolation is just one of the many constants of island life for any inhabitant on Alcatraz Island It is the most reoccurring theme in the unfolding history of Alcatraz Island Alcatraz is one of Golden Gate National Recreation Areas most popular
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