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Word Count: 1,037
Science Fiction succinctly defined is a literary genre generally characterized in form as a world of exaggerated drama which argues a social commentary using current scientific knowledge as its evidence From the emergence in the 18th century of modern Science Fiction to the birth of the book in the 19th century each period is distinct yet at times similar in their respective techniques of elucidation From the 18th century Voltaires Micromegas in its highly ironical form is a perfect demonstration of the times combination of satire and alienation while from the 19th century Mary Shelleys Frankenstein or The Modern Prometheus is a parody of gothic literature and of Oedipus Rex Ultimately 18th century Science Fiction uses satire and alienation while 19th century Science Fiction deals mainly with a parody of the Oedipus Complex In Micromegas Voltaire uses science to present the philosophic notion that there is an absurdity to human beliefs and actions His work suggests that our main faults and vices are inherent to our inaccurate and misguided rationality By mocking and belittling these faults using sarcastic and ironic devices which logically and scientifically support each other Voltaires work allow people to see the incoherence of their own though He demonstrates this by commenting on the absurdity of war and God Those sedentary and slothful barbarians who From their palaces give orders for murdering A million of men and then solemnly thank God for Their success RABKIN 67 At the root of his social criticism is a program of reformation Voltaires greatest tool in Micromegas is his ability to use alienation to make the seriousness of his argument felt without removing the sarcastic undertones of his satire The use of alienation allows his points to be fully expressed without offending the reader For instance Voltaire strongly objects to the metaphysical and theological views of the world our soul is neither spiritual nor immortal rather our essence is based in our thoughts
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