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Bolshevik revolution The Bolshevik revolution occurred in November of 1917 its aim was to create a workers paradise and a dictatorship of the proletariat By 1930 the Bolsheviks had imposed a totalitarian rule over Russia This period can be divided into two distinct eras Firstly there was the period from 1917-1924 which included the decision to seize power the civil war and a consolidation of power under the new economic policy The second period occurred after Lenins death where opposing factions emerged in the party and a leadership struggle occurred Out of this Stalin emerged as an authoritarian leader and used various forms of terror and economic policy to gain complete control by 1930 When examining the period between 1917 and 1924 an important theme question is developed by Russell Cowie he asks how were the Bolsheviks a subdivision of the Russian Social Democrat Party able to impose their will upon the whole of the former Russian Empire by 1923 Certainly the Bolsheviks were an obscure and radical political party before the revolution of March 1917 and played little part in the overthrow of the Tsar They did however see it as a step towards the dictatorship of the proletariat The Marxists found themselves in the paradoxical position of welcoming the revolution as bourgeois liberal and capitalist and deferring the idea of socialism to some time in the future Lenin the leader of the Bolshevik party returned from exile in April 1917 while a member of the intelligentsia he also appeared to read the general mood of the people acknowledging that they were more interested in food rather than the decrees of the Provisional Government such as freedom of speech He developed simplistic slogans such as Peace bread land and All power to the Soviets to appeal to the Russian proletariat According to V Serge Lenin has the ear of the man in the street and of the man in
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