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Word Count: 973
The role of a governmental structure in India began with the development of the Caste System This political system was assembled by a hierarchy of socialites A hierarchy could have depended on what type of job an individual occupied and where an individual stood in society This type of government was made to ensure order in each city-state and keep the peace between other societies In the Caste System the political status of individuals could rarely be changed throughout life After a citizen was considered a part of a specific political group the status was permanent The Portuguese who came to India in the early sixteenth century began this long-standing tradition of social class ruling in this culture When the Aryans established their culture they already had a primitive type of class distinction In the beginning there were only a few groups because the Aryan culture was so underdeveloped They mainly relied on animals for food wealth and war As time progressed and the Aryans started to have more interaction with other groups their class system began to develop even more Each different group was considered a varna a word which described the color of ones skin Therefore the Aryans based social distinction on the difference in skin tone There were two basic groups the Aryans those who were wheat-colored and the Dravidians those who had a darker complexion It became harder and harder to differentiate between the two main classes over time and after the interaction of the people in each group Thus distinction became about occupational status There were the priests known as the brahmins the warriors and aristocrats known as the kshatriyas the cultivators merchants and artists called vaishyas and the peasants and serfs whom were called shudras The brahmins were believed to be the highest among the classes They were honored for their substantial knowledge and immense wealth Among the varnas were the main occupations of this time
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