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The Cherokee Indians were one of the civilized tribes in the United States They were located in the southeastern part of the US This includes the western parts of North and South Carolina The northern parts of Alabama and Georgia Southwest Virginia and the Cumberland basin of Tennessee It appears the Cherokee settled in 1000 AD to 1500 AD Their development took place in to stages or phases The Pisgah which took place 1300 AD to 1540 AD and the Qualla which took place 1540 AD to 1750 AD The first period was primitive and the second was influenced by European contact They were a large tribe that was part of the Iroquian language group even though their language is very different Despite this the Cherokee developed written language due to contact with the white men They were very interested in learning the white men ways Although there is a lot written about the Cherokee and Europeans the focus here will be Cherokee life including daily life marriage government and war Cherokee villages consisted of groups of relatives that included members of at least four clans They grew crops outside their villages There were also some fields inside the villages Each family had a marked section of the field Both men and women helped in farming every section As with many tribes the men were responsible for hunting fishing building houses and council lodges made important decisions performed religious ceremonies trained young boys and defended the village The Cherokee women were responsible for the home raising the children helping in the fields preparing and gathering food washing and making clothes and making baskets and pottery Even though The Cherokee were a matrilineal society only certain women were allowed to have input in council decisions The Cherokee had many rules and regulations to live by and since they have a strong sense of tradition these rules were not challenged until they came into contact
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