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The Cultural Revolution was designed to destroy all of the culture of pre-communist China to establish a new more perfect communist society and to punish his critics of the Great Leap Forward He sought out to do this by any means possible The plan he came up with was clever but yet very destructive on the whole of China Through Maos domestic diplomacy he convinced the easiest influenced people in China the peasants and the youth to join in the fight to cleanse China from all Western and Capitalist evils and to establish the ultimate communist society After the failure of the Great Leap Forward Mao and the communist government were receiving an overwhelming amount of criticism from his colleagues and the general public so Mao decided to take things into his own handsDuiker1048 Mao took the criticism personally and sought out to get his power and popularity back To achieve this Mao created the Cultural Revolution This Revolutions goal was to rid China of all that represented Western and Capitalist ideals and thoughts He also set out to destroy all traditional Chinese vestiges by getting rid of the four olds old thought old culture old habits and customsDuiker1049 He saw the four olds as representative of former Nationalist China which in essence were capitalist because they were not communist so therefore deemed as evil Mao used the simple lives of the peasant farmers as the ideal communist lifestyle He had sympathy for this group because he was born a peasant farmer At that time the majority of China was peasants so it makes sense that Mao would try to convince this group that they were the best example of a communist Mao said things that would give the peasants pride in their class He said that the peasants can do anything if they organize and do it together This is very similar to what Lenin preached to the proletariat of the Soviet
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