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Introduction The empire of the Incas was a great although brief period in Perus colorful past There were many differing tribes that inhabited the land pre-Inca empire However the last of the people to inhabit Peru pre-Spanish Invasion constructed a vast empire that homogenized the tribes and replaced the differences with a highly developed kind of welfare state The Wari Chankas and Chan Chan are just a few of the other peoples that had populated Peru at various times It would be a difficult task to list the many tribes that existed in ancient Peru seeing as how none of them kept any written records This is due to the fact that a written language didnt even exist in Peru until the invasion of the Spaniards and that is when we get the most initial information of the Inca civilization Aside from written records we must fall back on archeology to piece together the puzzle of this great empire The Incas were established in the Andian mountains More specifically in the Cuzco valley There they wared for many years with the Chancas It was the Inca victory in 1430s over their neighbors that began their great militaristic expansion However it wasnt until the middle of the 15th century they began their imperialistic expansion They did so under the ruler Viracocha Inca In as little as 30 years the Inca domain was enlarged and unified more than a thousandfold by Viracochas son At the height of its dominion the empire encompassed the entire Andean region extending 2000 mi The fact that there was no written language makes the closely knit Inca state all the more remarkable The state was ruled by an emperor that required total obedience from his citizens yes even the conquered were citizens but their welfare was well attended to The state owned almost everything and could draft people to work in mines or on public projects Priests government servants the aged sick
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