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Word Count: 822
The French Revolution In 1787 France was on the verge of bankruptcy and suffered because the lack of unity between the three estates under the Acien Regime The first of these estates or classes consisted of clergy They managed church affairs ran schools kept birth and death records and collected tithes or taxes to the church The second estate consisted of nobility which made up about 2 of Frances total population The third estate consisted of the mass of Frances population from the wealthy bourgouisie to the meager peasants Because most nobility and clergy were exempt from most taxes taxation fell mainly on the poorer part of Frances population When the kings treasury began to fall short France went into a state of confusion Then on August 8 1788 Louis XVI called the Estates General and selected Jacques Necker as chief minister to try to solve Frances financial problems Later on June 20 1789 the third estate found their session of hall closed without warning Fearing that the king would stop discussions they moved to a nearby tennis court and took the Tennis Court Oath forming the National Assembly Three days later Louis annulled the National Assembly When troops begin to mutiny Louis backed down and instructed the nobles to join the National Assembly Under the persuasion of the queen Louis dismissed Necker with plans to restore an absolute monarchy On July 13 a national guard of 48000 is setup One day later on July 14 disaster strikes At ten oclock the Armory of the Ivalides is plundered Later in the day at ten thirty the deputation arrives at the Bastille and three hours later in a panic the Garrison opened fire on the crowd At three thirty a detachment of French guards arrived at the front of the Bastille Then seven hours after the protest began the Bastille surrendered Governor de Launy was then arrested and executed Two days after the disaster
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