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The Huguenots French Protestants became the center of political and religious quarrels in France between 1500 and 1600 Important people such as Anthony King of Navarre Louis I de Bourbon de Conde and Admiral Gaspard de Coligny were Huguenots They were named the Huguenots by the French Roman Catholics The name Huguenots is believed to be from Besancon Hugues a Swiss religious leader The Huguenots were the followers of John Calvins teachings and they belonged to the Reformed Church As the Huguenots became a large part of the influential political group in France the Catholic government persecuted them more and more Catherine de Medicis Queen Mother of France had once encouraged the Huguenots but now was in conflict with the Huguenots over their rising power Catherine with her ruthless tactics planned with the help of Duke of Guise a massacre of Huguenots The massacre was carried out on August 24 1572 in the early morning of St Bartholomews Day In Paris on that day 10000 Huguenot people were murdered The Huguenots blamed France for the massacre of St Bartholomews Day and started a civil war over the event A twist in fate helped the future of the Huguenots For Henry IV was in a delicate position with his public over the assassinations of Duke of Guise and his brother the cardinal which forced him to alie with Henry of Nevarre a Huguenot Later after Henry IV got assassinated himself Henry of Nevarre inherited the French throne in 1589 Henry then being in rule decided that the best way to keep the peace and be a successful king is to become a Catholic This also was good for the capitol of France Paris was mostly Catholic Henry did not go far from his roots remembering the Huguenots and protecting their interests with the Edict of Nantes in 1598 This Edict gave the Huguenots the right to worship and the right to establish churches in certain
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