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A Brief History Of The Internet By default any definitive history of the Internet must be short since the Internet in one form or another has only been in existence for less than 30 years The first iteration of the Internet was launched in 1971 with a public showing in early 1972 This first network known as ARPANET Advanced Research Projects Agency NETwork was very primitive by todays standards but a milestone in computer communications ARPANET was based upon the design concepts of Larry Roberts MIT and was fleshed out at the first ACM symposium held in Gaithersburg TN in 1966 although RFPs werent sent out until mid 1968 The Department of Defense in 1969 commissioned ARPANET and the first node was created at the University of California in Los Angeles running on a Honeywell DDP-516 mini-computer The second node was established at Stanford University and launched on October first of the same year On November 1 1969 the third node was located at the University of California Santa Barbara and the fourth was opened at the University of Utah in December By 1971 15 nodes were linked including BBN CMU CWRU Harvard Lincoln Lab MIT NASAAmes RAND SDC SRI and UIUC In that same year Larry Roberts created the first email management program As a side note Ray Tomlinson is the person who established the sign as a domainhost designator from his Model 33 Teletype The first international connection to ARPANET is established when the University College of London is connected in 1973 and RFC-454 File Transfer Protocol was published 1973 was also the year that Dr Robert Metcalfs doctoral thesis outlined the specifications for Ethernet The theory was tested on Xerox PARCs computers 1974 saw the launch of TELNET public packet data service UUCP Unix-to-Unix Copy Protocol was developed at ATT Bell Labs in 1976 and distributed with UNIX the following year 1978 saw the split of TCP into TCP and IP
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