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History of the Internet The Internet as we know today was not a concept that was quickly enacted when it was first thought up It was a revolutionary process that was the result of visionary people who painstakingly brought forth the World Wide Web These individuals saw a promising potential in allowing computers to share information on research and development in scientific and military fields This is all started in 1962 when the US Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency DARPA initiated a research program They selected JCR Licklider of MIT to head the work and develop it Later Leonard Kleinrock of UCLA who developed the theory of packet switching which was used to create the basis of Internet connections His thesis was titled Communications Networks Stochastic Flow and Delay This thesis examined what packet-switching networking could look like Lawrence Roberts of NIT confirmed Kleinrocks theory by connecting a Massachusetts computer with a California computer over dial up telephone lines This proved that it could be done and when he later joined DARPA in 1966 he developed his plan for ARPANET ARPANET also known as the Internet was brought online in 1965 under a contract let by the renamed Advanced Research Projects Agency ARPA Howe 2 It originally connected UCLA Stanford Research Institute UCSB and the University of Utah Soon after several other universities connected to ARPANET In order for ARPANET to communicate via the telephone lines a series of protocols were developed Transmission Control Protocol TCP and Internet Protocol IP came first then TCPIP developed from these These protocols communicated transparently across multiple linked packet networks The ultimate infrastructure was designed that if sites were destroyed by nuclear attack routers would direct traffic around the network via alternate routes Since this was a initially founded by the government it was originally limited to research education and for government use In order to work the Internet a person had to learn a
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