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The History The Irish Republican Army organized to help fight for the integration of Ireland as a complete and independent country Micheal Collins organized it from the left over of rebels who rebelled on Easter of 1916 Armed groups known as the Irish Volunteers and the Citizen Army staged a rebellion in Dublin to show that they wanted a free and independent Ireland from the UK It was unsuccessful during the attack British soldiers killed 14 rebels With this event gone bad it sparked an even stronger desire for independence among the Irish people Thus they formed the political group known as Sinn Fin shin fane In the election of 1918 Sinn Fin put up a candidate for every Irish seat in the British Parliament and won 73 seats To protest British rule over Ireland the elected members declined to go to Westminster Instead they set up an Irish assembly in Dublin called the Dil ireann which declared Irish independence The British attempted to suppress terrorists led by Michael Collins by a policy of counter terror and sent a body of military irregulars popularly known as the Black and Tans to reestablish order The general public rallied to Sinn Fin During the troubled early years of the Free State the IRA was responsible for numerous bombings raids and street battles on both sides of the Irish Border Then in 1932 Eamon De Valera a former IRA supporter that was born in New York and moved to Ireland and was jailed and escaped from prison took over the Free State government Weakened by internal fighting and by the loss of the popular support because the Germans were starting to become a strong threat in Europe The IRA declined but it was still alive in many peoples hearts This brought it down to the underground The group perpetrated bombing attacks in Belfast London and in cities surrounding the border to Northern
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