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The way the world thinks of war changed forever in 1945 On July 16 in Alamogordo New Mexico America exploded the worlds first atomic bomb sending a huge mushroom-shaped cloud high into the sky The Manhattan Project which was used to end World War II was mostly led by German andGerman-Jewish scientists who had escaped from Hitlers Germany In 1939 an American university professor named Albert Einstein wrote a letter to President Franklin D Roosevelt in which he outlined the possibility of using anuclear chain reaction for a bomb After reading the letter Roosevelt began the Manhattan Project in 1943 Only a few people knew of the project which washeaded by J Robert Oppenheimer an atomic scientist from Germany On August 6th and 9th of 1945 American planes dropped one atomic bomb each on Hiroshima and Nagasaki Japan The first bomb destroyed 80 percentof Hiroshimas buildings and killed about 80000 people The second bomb killedabout 35000 people Japan surrendered to America after Nagasaki but thepeople of Japan suffered failing health and horrible deaths for years afterwarddue to the effects of atomic radiation Einstein later regretted his letter to Roosevelt but he feared the Nazis would develop an atomic weapon and use it on America Many scientific and militarypeople involved with developing the bomb did not want it to be used feeling it was immoralThe atomic bomb controversy started on August 6 1945 The Atomic bomb was first used in combat as it
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