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The New Deal During the 1930s America witnessed a breakdown of the Democratic and free enterprise system as the US fell into the worst depression in history The economic depression that beset the United States and other countries was unique in its severity and its consequences At the depth of the depression in 1933 one American worker in every four was out of a job The great industrial slump continued throughout the 1930s shaking the foundations of Western capitalism The New Deal describes the program of US president Franklin D Roosevelt from 1933 to 1939 of relief recovery and reform These new policies aimed to solve the economic problems created by the depression of the 1930s When Roosevelt was nominated he said I pledge you I pledge myself to a new deal for the American people The New Deal included federal action of unprecedented scope to stimulate industrial recovery assist victims of the Depression guarantee minimum living standards and prevent future economic crises Many economic political and social factors lead up to the New Deal Staggering statistics like a 25 unemployment rate and the fact that 20 of NYC school children were under weight and malnourished made it clear immediate action was necessary In the first two years the New Deal was concerned mainly with relief setting up shelters and soup kitchens to feed the millions of unemployed However as time progressed the focus shifted towards recovery In order to accomplish this monumental task several agencies were created The National Recovery Administration NRA was the keystone of the early new deal program launched by Roosevelt It was created in June 1933 under the terms of the National Industrial Recovery Act The NRA permitted businesses to draft codes of fair competition with presidential approval that regulated prices wages working conditions and credit terms Businesses that complied with the codes were exempted from antitrust laws and workers were given
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