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Word Count: 2,276
The piano when invented changed the way music was written and even created new forms of music Its invention ushered in new eras and gave people a sense of worth But this change did not take place overnight it took many years of hard work and labor to achieve what the piano is today In 1698 a man named Bartolomeo Cristofori began to design an instrument which would play both loudness and softness and be able to use an excellent range of dynamics unlike the popular instrument of the day the harpsichord For years he worked on the instrument that would not only take over the harpsichords place in music but also change how music was written and composed Maybe one of the most influential instruments we will ever know In 1709 he finally finished this instrument and named it the gravicembalo col piano e forte harpsichord with loudness or softness which was later know as the pianoforte This was the first instrument in which composers could effectively display their emotions Cristofori faced many problems in the creation of he piano First he developed a system in which the player could to only hit one of the two strings for each note una corda He also developed an effective mechanism to use downward pressure striking the key and make it project the hammer towards the strings He also had to time the hammers striking the key directly proportionate to when the sound should be heard with this improvement came another which is vital to the pianos inner workings the escapement The escapement is a device that lets the hammer strike the string and leave the string free to vibrate The hammer is made to fall back and let the string vibrate when the player let go of the key a damper would then fall on the string stopping the sound Though Cristoforis pianos were softer than the harpsichord they still had
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