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Progressive Education assumes the world changes and that in a universe that is not particularly concerned with ability to think straight - Rychard Fink During the early 1900s the Progressive Movement came to the forefront of what Herbert Kliebard has called the struggle for the American curriculum Progressivism consistently challenged traditional ideals concerning the foundations upon which students education in schools was based The movement was greatly influenced by the writings of John Dewey who was inspired by such known political theorists as Vittoriano da Feltre Campanella Comenius Pestalozzi Rousseau and Bronson Alcott In addition to Dewey such prominent curriculum theorists as George Counts Theodore Bramald and Harold Rugg also made significant contributions to Progressivism in the early half of the 20th century in the United States The Progressive Movement promoted the idea that students be encouraged as independent thinkers creative beings and expressive about their feelings This was a sharp contrast from prevalent educational approaches rooted in social efficiency in the early 1900s in the United States Such approaches did not foster the importance of individualism and creativity and instead emphasized classroom control management and a structured curriculum that focused on basic skills Two basic principles fostered in the Progressive Movement were continuity and interaction Continuity is the principle that each learning experience be nurtured by the previous experience Therefore from a Progressive standpoint the learning process is gradual The organizational thought process that relates all experiential processes is something Dewey named the Logical Organization of Subject Matter The second principle interaction denotes the concept that what was learned may possibly need revisions adaptations or be discarded all together because further research has claimed it to be false Essentially from this standpoint assumptions need to be challenged in the continual search for absolute truth Thus the interaction principle encouraged experimentalism verification and reconstruction The Progressive Movement was at its peak in the 1930s during the Great Depression in the United States Previously in 1918
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