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Word Count: 680
The reformation was a schism of the medieval Catholic Church involving a major change in the political social and religious life of Europe Germany was the first European nation to undergo the reformation process Martin Luther the symbolic and much wrote about leader was a humble determined and obsessively Christian man who attempted to correct the problems he perceived within the Catholic religion Luthers and his supporters aided by the printing press were able to bring widespread reform Yet this would not have been possible the move away from universalism the abuses and excesses of the church growing anticlericalism all of which prepared the way for reformation Luthers significance in this process is two fold he generated a great deal of anticlericalism which strengthened the push for reform and secondly played a role in guiding the process of reform although his influence over this was often largest in his home and surrounding towns elsewhere other evangelical reformers as well as in many cities the city councils Although notoriously difficult to summaries Luthers theology clearly represents a radical rejection of certain aspects of the Catholic faith this is evident in three of his most fundamental assertions His first principle justification through scripture set out in the preface to his German Translation of the New Testament 1522 this is the idea that the Bible provides the only basis for faith thus denying the divine authority of the Pope and any Catholic law not present in scripture Secondly Justification through faith here it is argued that only through true belief in Christs work can a person gain the grace of God or salvation good works alone will not surface Luther third doctrine the Priesthood of All Believers a doctrine established in Luthers To The Christian Nobility of the German Nation 1520 Here he argues that all Christians are of Gods estate and therefore after baptism all Christians are members of a universal priesthood and therefore
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