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The new Muslim dynasty This paper will include the Safavids Ottomans and the Mughals all of which were a part of the Islamic Empire It will also show how crucial leadership was to the dynasties and how similar they were to each other These three dynasties were very similar to each other in the way that they ruled and lived They also both declined in the eighteenth Century The military leaders had a dominant role in the Ottoman state a policy geared towards war and expansion The Turckic horseman became a warrior aristocracy supported by control of conquered land and peasants When their power shrank before that of an expanding central bureaucracy they built up regional power bases The Mongol invasion of the 13th and 14th centuries destroyed theoretical Muslim unity The Abbasid and many regional dynasties were crushed Three new Muslim dynasties arose to bring a new flowering to Islamic Civilization The greatest which was the Ottoman Empire reached its peak in the 17th century To the East the Safavids ruled in Persia and Afghanistan and the Mughals ruled much of India Together the three empires possessed great military and political power they also produced and artistic and cultural renaissance within Islam They contributed to the spread of Islam to new regions All three dynasties originated from Turkic nomadic cultures and each possessed religious fervor and zeal for conversion They built empires through military conquest based upon the effective use of fire arms Each was ruled by and absolute monarch and drew revenues from taxation of agrarian populations Though it should be noted that there were differences The Mughals ruled mostly non-Muslim peoples the Safavids mostly Muslims and the Ottomans a mixture of Muslims and Christians The Safavids were Shia muslims the others were Sunni The Safavids much like the Ottomans recruited captured slaves children into the army and bureacracy They were very important during the reign of Abbas I They became the backbone
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