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Word Count: 620
The Socialist Alternative We loathe with all our soul continual reflection and the philistine fear of vigorous action Therefore let us fight for freedom as long as we are young and full of growing vigor Karl Marx Karl Marx 1818-83 was a German political philosopher and revolutionist Marx along with Friedrich Engels founded scientific socialism or modern communism For that he is known as one of the most influential thinkers of all times Marx was born in Trier on May 5 1818 and educated at the universities of Bonn Berlin In 1842 shortly after contributing his first article to the Cologne newspaper Rheinische Zeitung Marx became editor of the paper Although his political views were radical he was not yet a communist His writings in the Rheinische Zeitung criticizing contemporary political and social conditions embroiled him in controversy with the authorities In 1843 Marx was compelled to resign his editorial post and soon afterward the Rheinische Zeitung was forced to discontinue publication Marx then went to Paris There as a result of his further studies in philosophy history and political science he adopted communist beliefs In 1844 when Engels visited him in Paris the two men found that they had independently arrived at identical views on the nature of revolutionary problems They undertook to collaborate in a systematic explanation of the theoretical principles of communism and in the organization of an international working-class movement dedicated to those principles In 1845 Marx was ordered to leave Paris because of his revolutionary activities He settled in Brussels and began the work of organizing and directing a network of revolutionary groups called Communist Correspondence Committees in a number of European cities In connection with the consolidation of these committees in 1847 to form the Communist League Marx and Engels were commissioned to formulate a statement of principles The program they submitted known throughout the world as the Communist Manifesto was the first systematic statement of modern socialist
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