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In 1787 Article three of the constitution created the Supreme Court but not until 1789 was it configured The way it was originally set up was with one Chief Justice and five associate judges with all six members being appointed for life This court serves as the supreme law of the land it has the power to determine if state or federal laws are in conflict with how the Court interprets the constitution Presently the supreme court has nine members which include one Chief Justice and eight associate Justices The Chief Justice Appoints each associate Justice to oversee one or more various circuits Every year the Supreme Court has a term in which it revues selected cases This term starts on the first Monday of October and ends either in the end of June or the beginning of July During this term the Justices review one-hundred out of 6000 or so cases with no clear guidelines on which ones they must look at There are two major ways that the Constitution is interpreted One of which is called the Strict Constitution of national law an example of this would be the Dred Scott decision The other way is the federalist position where the Constitution grants broad power to the federal government Two great examples of this type of interpretation were Chief Justices John Marshall and Earl Warren During the years the Supreme Court has gone through some changes of its own While Chief Justice Earl Warren was there the first African-American Justice was named to the court Thurgood Marshall Chief Justice Warrens leadership marked a force in social issues Along the lines of desegregation election reform and the rights of defendants Then in 1969 Warren Burger was named Chief Justice That is when the Court started to lean more to the conservatives By 1989 during William Rehnquists leadership which runs from 1986 to the present the conservatives held a majority on most issues
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