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The Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Familia also known as the Expiatory Church of the Holy Family is undoubtedly one of the most intricate and complicated designs to ever be constructed Antoni Gaudi the man behind this masterpiece has been labeled Gods Architect G Vanhansberg 2013 This Catalan architects has methods and form were so complicated and advanced that architects today are still struggling to decode his Modernismo technique This paper will illustrate Gaudis planning background history and design process It will highlight the instrumental factors that morphed Gaudis vision into what has been constructed today in the context of cultural form The Sagrada Familia as a precedent is a visionary place of worship that holds a new set of standards for any similar typology to follow Located in the Gothic Quarter of Barcelona with the east side intentionally facing the rising sun this medieval church began as a mere example of the academic Neo-Gothic style However as time elapsed Gaudi veered away from the traditional Victorian style incorporating his own creative flare through features such as the abstract ornaments found at the top of the towers J Roe 2009 pg 182 The initial design plan as seen in Figure 1 shows how the Sagrada Familia progressively evolved into an Art Nouveau stylistic form Gaudi had little in common with the historical styles that were most prevalent in the eighteenth and nineteenth-century and instead attempted to reinvent architecture by taking natural form and incorporating innate aspects into his work A Ballantyne 2012 pg 158 This extraordinary architect developed a view that differed from the rest believing that nature creates structural forms that are both statically perfect and extremely beautiful and are based merely on functionality J Roe 2009 pg7 This stylistic view Gaudi recognized was not studied until the end of the eighteenth century where these geometrical forms were then defined
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