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Word Count: 485
When Thomas Jefferson became president of the United States in 1801 he dreamed of sending an expedition to explore the little-known territory west of the Mississippi riverBetween 1783 and 1792 Jefferson has encouraged plans for three expeditions All three expeditions failed In January 1803 he asked Congress for 2500 to pay for an expedition that might journey as far as the Pacific Ocean The request was approval and kept secret because most of the region to be explored still belonged to France This vast area lying between the Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountains was called Louisiana in honor of Louis XIV of FranceWhen President Jefferson learned of the Treaty of San Ildefonso between Napoleon and Spanish rulers which gave Louisiana back to the French he was very worried On October 15 1802 the King of Spain finally gave the order transferring Louisiana to France but the Spanish governor in New Orleans didnt know of this order The following day he suddenly withdrew the right of deposit This was the right given to American shippers that allowed them to leave their goods at New Orleans while awaiting transfer onto ocean going vessels Many people felt threatened over this and thought that we should go in and take Louisiana by force Jefferson Ordered Robert R Livingston the American minister to France to explore the possibility of purchasing New Orleans and a section of West Florida near the mouth of the Mississippi In March 1803 James Monroe went to Paris as a special envoy Congress had given him the power to offer Napoleon up to 10000000 for New Orleans and a tract of land on the Gulf of Mexico Monroe did not arrive in Paris until April 12 By then Napoleon had decided to give up his plans for a New World empire He needed all of his ships for his planned invasion of England His treasury was nearly emptyand he wanted to prevent the United States
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