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Modern European empires came about because of the desire for the wealth to be had from overseas trading and markets European countries that acquired empires did not plan these conquests Europe was trading with Asia and other parts of the world long before modern empires arose The success of early trading and the need to expand their markets led the powers of Europe to find the means to secure overseas lands for their exclusive use Also the fierce competition between European countries for trade and world markets led to the securing of overseas interests which led to empires Economic expansion played a key part in the building of European empires An empire is a system of interaction between two political entities One is dominant and exerts political control over internal and external policy the other is weak Imperialism is the desire to control colonies or dependencies and imperialism is how empires are formed European countries had to have the power to dominate other societies Attributes that European countries had to encourage imperialism and empire were a centralised government differentiated economies and a shared political loyalty Military strength was vital too both on land and on the sea Most European countries had these qualities but they also had to have the drive to acquire an empire Control of a vast empire fed into national pride Colonialism was the policy used to expand a countrys influence and power When a foreign power rules another group of people usually separated from them by an ocean a colony is formed The ruling power usually sent its own people to govern This was allowed to happen by virtue of the ruling countrys advanced state of technology and more complex society Europe was lured into the outside world through the prospect of trade Colonies provided many economic benefits such as sources of raw materials markets for surplus goods new goods that could
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