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International Court of Justice- The International Court Of Justice ICJ is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations which succeeded the Permanent court of International Justice after World War Two It gains its legitimacy from Article 92 of the UN Charter which allows it to function in accordance with the annexed Statute which is based upon the Statute of the Permanent Court of International Justice and forms an integral part of the present Charter By Article 93 all members of the UN are ipso-facto members of the Statute and that states not members may become parties on conditions to be determined in each case by the UN General Assembly on recommendation of the Security Council Therefore allowing countries such as Switzerland and San Marino though not members of the UN to be parties to the Statute of the Court The court consist of 15 judges no two of whom may be Nationals of the same state elected by the General assembly and the Security Council They are elected for 9 years and are eligible for reelections The seat of the court is in Hague Holland but it may hold sessions elsewhere whenever it considers desirable It is a continuing body The Statute provides that it is permanently in session except during judicial vacations It is also an autonomous body It elects its president and vice- president appoints its registrar and provides for the appointment of other officers and clerical staff Its function is to pass judgement on disputes between states as such only states may bring their cases before the court It is open to all states that are party to the statute and those who agree to the conditions laid
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